Cape Town South Africa is planning a similar action creating new livestock kraals in the peri-urban area for the intra-urban herd owners.
Inurban fresh milk production was worth an estimated USD 7 million in Mougeot Besides the economic benefits for the urban agricultural producers, urban agriculture stimulates the development of related micro-enterprises: the production of necessary agricultural inputs and the processing, packaging and marketing of outputs.
But this is changing once again as a global renaissance of urban agriculture is well underway. Thirdly, urban agriculture and urban forestry contribute to disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change by reducing runoff, keeping flood plains free from construction, reducing urban temperatures, capturing dust and CO2, while growing fresh food close to consumers reduces energy spent in transport, cooling, processing and packaging, whilst productive reuse of urban organic wastes and wastewater and the nutrients these contain reduces methane emissions from landfills and energy use in fertilizer production.
While industrial agriculture often maneuvers to avoid paying for environmental externalities, urban farmers directly bear the ecological costs of their actions. Petrochemicals are used to fertilize, spray, and preserve food.
As a consequence, urban agriculture often does not have an institutional home. They can also provide other services demanded by urban citizens: urban greening, improvement of the urban climate, keeping buffer zones and flood plains free from construction, provision of opportunities for leisure and recreational activities, storm water storage and flood prevention, etcetera.