Problems faced by students of open and distance learning

Tutorials, user guides and other support systems should be in place for distance-learning students, in order to minimize -- if not eliminate -- this problem.

What is distance education

Technology is rapidly changing, making it difficult for distance-learning institutions and students to keep pace. Lecturers and students should also have skills and confidence to use electronic equipment, and to have the necessary knowledge about the method in which the information is delivered. It is presumed that some postgraduate students may prefer online courses owing to their distinctive advantages, such as lower tuition fees, adjustable speed of study, and greater cultural diversity [ 17 ]. Successful students commit to a time to study and a place to study. If considering an open distance education, consider your work habits before sitting down to tackle a new facet in life. Not very high at all. It was found that low technology level was not a barrier to adopt e-learning especially in African countries such as Kenya, Uganda, and South Africa [ 37 ]. Lastly, e-learning should be supported in distance learning because it can help learners to have access to education irrespective of distance. Distance learning via e-learning can be able to offer a solution, providing opportunities for distance-learning students to further their education while applying new knowledge and skills directly to their practice [ 7 ]. Lack of Socializing with Peers and Working with Your Learning Style Amongst other issues to consider when asked what are the problems faced by open distance learners is the loss of social interactions in a learning environment. These principles for good practice can be divided into the following, namely: encourages student-faculty contact; encourages cooperation among students; encourages active learning; gives prompt feedback; emphasizes time on task; communicates high expectations; and respects diverse talents and ways of learning [ 8 ]. Education of adults appears to be burdensome for the family budget and therefore inadmissible for some families. For instance, the collaborative learning, or group work, a student might receive in a traditional classroom setting is not possible in most instances with distance learning. For example, if an instructor sticks to traditional education instead of using e-learning due to culture or the lack of awareness about e-learning, it can minimize the use of technology in distance education. Support By its very definition, distance learning implies a physical separation between student and instructor.

There are different factors that may limit the use of technology in distance higher education. In distance learning, ICTs can be used in preparing and presenting lectures.

critical issues in open and distance learning

These are the skills that every student needs to be successful in academics and in life. It is now a common practice to find technology-enhanced learning in many higher learning institutions all over the world [ 29 ]. Technology is rapidly changing, making it difficult for distance-learning institutions and students to keep pace.

Distance learning problems and solutions pdf

New technologies should not be imposed without enabling lecturers and students to understand these fundamental shifts [ 31 ]. There is an increasing concern that some students in distance learning are being disadvantaged because of various challenges. You Might Be Left Behind Finally, the loss of teaching spontaneity or modifying instruction to ensure student comprehension might not initially seem like an issue, but it really does matter. Therefore, distance is not a defining characteristic of e-learning. Distance learning in higher education can teach students skills and competencies of developing professional skills such as the skill of self-study, the ability to plan and organize, time management skills, the ability to solve problems, to take responsibility, to work under pressure, and to be creative and initiative [ 20 ]. Technology that is hard to learn or use is enormously frustrating. Distant students suffer to a much lesser extent from cultural, psychological, social, and economic difficulties connected with learning in a distant mode because the pursuit of knowledge is undertaken for its own sake, rather than as an obligation [ 21 ].

Education of adults appears to be burdensome for the family budget and therefore inadmissible for some families. In some distance-learning institutions, technologies used to deliver distance-education programs are typically one way noninteractive [ 36 ].

On the other hand, in Greece, distance learning has the following challenges, namely: a difficulties with technology; b negative image of distance-education programs; c negative learning experiences; and d absence of a system for recognition of prior learning and work experiences [ 21 ].

Problems of distance education learners

If a social interaction were possible with distance learning, students might hesitate to meet with someone whom they only know from the Internet. Education of adults appears to be burdensome for the family budget and therefore inadmissible for some families. Common problems of distance education Lack of Support The physical absence of the instructor means that they may not be available to guide or support the student when they need it most. Opportunities to undertake continuing professional development through distance-learning education remain limited. Distance learning students can be able to care for their families and incorporate instruction on online courses and this can afford them the opportunity to work while they are raising their family and pursuing their full-time jobs. Eye contact is a very crucial factor in education but this factor can be limited in e-learning environment because lecturers may be unable to observe the emotions of students and cannot predict their satisfaction which puts burdens on them and make students respond differently toward e-learning [ 37 ]. Individuals that have good soft skills, along with technical knowledge, will always be preferred candidates when prospective employers are looking at candidates to employ. It helps in finding research gaps, bringing scattered pieces of information together, and refining the research topic to an understandable level [ 5 ]. Other challenges of distance learning can be related to the psychological state of students. There is an increasing concern that some students in distance learning are being disadvantaged because of various challenges.

It also allows for a consistent delivery of content, because online videos can be prerecorded and shared with the rest of the class online [ 10 ] as in [ 9 ] and in [ 11 ]. If considering an open distance education, consider your work habits before sitting down to tackle a new facet in life.

In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in distance learning in higher education. These guidelines represent a philosophy of quality distance-learning education that can be widely used for both face-to-face courses and online learning.

If a social interaction were possible with distance learning, students might hesitate to meet with someone whom they only know from the Internet.

Problems faced by students of open and distance learning

Technology can also be used to improve the quality of traditional education rather than changing the methods of instruction. The use of modern communications technology in distance learning can easily attract a younger generation than traditional forms of training [ 21 ]. Get to know Tutor Doctor to learn more about how the tutors we work with can help your student succeed with distance education. Students must possess or learn to develop the self-discipline required to organize their time effectively and participate fully in the learning process. A lack of meaningful interactivity may cause students to feel isolated and become discouraged. The availability of counselors depends entirely on the distance education program your student is enrolled in. Education research shows the importance of the community education sector to employment outcomes, given that so many distance-education students come from disadvantaged backgrounds and use technology to access education [ 27 ]. Family responsibilities may also prevent adult learners from actively participating in higher education [ 21 ]. For example, in developing countries, most of the students and instructors will not acquire their own computer. It helps in finding research gaps, bringing scattered pieces of information together, and refining the research topic to an understandable level [ 5 ]. Thomas has experience with instructional design, Web development, network administration, PC support and technical writing. If a social interaction were possible with distance learning, students might hesitate to meet with someone whom they only know from the Internet.

Sometimes a "Help" discussion thread is included in an asynchronous environment, to give peers the opportunity to help each other.

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Problems & Solutions for Distance Learning