In addition, the variety of new products that were created during the industrial revolution made it difficult to enforce the industrial policies that were associated with mercantilist doctrine.
The ideology was embodied in New France through the establishment under Royal Charter of a number of corporate trading monopolies including La Compagnie des Marchands, which operated from toand the Compagnie de Montmorency, from that date until Mercantilism: The Shaping of an Economic Language.
Spain limiting the trade of their colonies is one of the causes that lead to the separation of the Dutch from the Spanish Empire. This led to friction with the inhabitants of these colonies, and mercantilist policies such as forbidding trade with other empires and controls over smuggling were a major irritant leading to the American Revolution.
The colonists had to deal with taxation without representation, also known as virtual representation such as the Stamp Act or Tea Act and also other unpleasant laws passed by the British such as the Quartering Acts.
The language used to protest the British Acts was legal, and political.
Mercantilist concepts developed from this need.