British Cabinet minister Edwin Montagu recalled Jinnah in his memoirs, "young, perfectly mannered, impressive-looking, armed to the teeth with dialecticsand insistent on the whole of his scheme". Jinnah had always believed that Hindu-Muslim unity was possible, but reluctantly came to the view that partition was necessary to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims.
Inwith Jinnah now president of the Muslim League, the two organisations signed the Lucknow Pactsetting quotas for Muslim and Hindu representation in the various provinces. Rahmat Ali and his English allies at Cambridge provided it with ideology and dogma. We are in the midst of unparalleled difficulties and untold sufferings; we have been through dark days of apprehension and anguish; but I can say with confidence that with courage and self-reliance and by the Grace of God we shall emerge triumphant.
This change has been seen to last for the rest of Jinnah's life.
His strength lay not in any firm body of general principle, any deeply cogitated philosophy of life, but in throwing all his tremendous powers of tenacity, strategy and dialectical skill into a cause which had been nursed by others and shaped in many of its most important phases by external factors.
Early years Jinnah was the eldest of seven children of Jinnahbhai Poonja, a prosperous merchant, and his wife, Mithibai. Their aspect on life and of life are different. My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality, and I am sure that with your support and co-operation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest nations of the world.
Only inwhen authoritatively assured that the league was as devoted as the Congress Party to the political emancipation of India, did Jinnah join the league. That temptation can only be removed if we make ourselves so strong that nobody dares entertain any aggressive designs against us.
Choudhary Rahmat Ali published a pamphlet in advocating a state "Pakistan" in the Indus Valleywith other names given to Muslim-majority areas elsewhere in India. He was very impressed by Dadabhai, a Parsi from Bombay.
In the two organizations held their meetings in Bombay and in in Lucknowwhere the Lucknow Pact was concluded.