Definition of product offered kotler

The template looks like this: Summary The Five Product Levels model provides a way to show the different levels of need that customers have for a product. The model also recognises that products are merely a means to satisfy customers' varying needs or wants.

Types of product

Five Product Levels Advantages The real advantage of the model is that it enables an organization to identify the needs and wants of customers. Expected Product This is about all aspects the consumer expects to get when they purchase a product. But also factors like service, warranty and good value for money play a major role in this. For example, it could be some chocolates on one occasion, and some luxury water on another. By offering all the great taste of Coca-Cola, but with zero calories. Therefore all products must satisfy customer needs and wants. For Kotler, the definition of a product goes way beyond being a physical object or a service. A customer is satisfied only if the actual value is the same or exceeds the perceived value.

To use the model, marketers must begin by identifying the core product or benefit. For him, a product is more than physical.

In our hotel, this could mean a different gift placed in the room each time a customer stays.

classification of product

It is very common to see product advertising campaigns focusing on the augmented product. In this article you can also download a Five Product Levels template. Adjusting the augmented product is a great way to add value to a product. Customers will choose a product based on their perceived value of it.

Expected product: The set of attributes or characteristics that buyers normally expect and agree to when they purchase a product.

three levels of product iphone

For example, a warm coat that is made of a fabric that is as thin as paper and therefore light as a feather that allows rain to automatically slide down. Kotler defined five levels to a product: the fundamental need or want that consumers satisfy by consuming the product or service.

By offering all the great taste of Coca-Cola, but with zero calories.

Definition of product offered kotler

Which is why it is vital to develop new products with flexibility as a key feature. Your rating is more than welcome or share this article via Social media! Prentice Hall. The augmented product can be an important way to tailor your product to meet the needs of specific customers. Added value of the Five Product Levels Each level of the five product levels adds value for the customer. What are the Five Product Levels? He defines a product as anything that can meet a need or a want.

In order to shape this abstract value, Philip Kotler uses five product levels in which a product is located or seen from the perception of the consumer.

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Product levels of a hotel

Five Product Levels 1. The goal is to deliver something that is beyond an expected product. More information Kotler, P. For a warm coat this is about fit, material, rain repellent ability, high-quality fasteners, etc. In our hotel, this could mean a different gift placed in the room each time a customer stays. Expected Product This is about all aspects the consumer expects to get when they purchase a product. For example, a warm coat that is made of a fabric that is as thin as paper and therefore light as a feather that allows rain to automatically slide down. Generic Product a version of the product containing only those attributes or characteristics absolutely necessary for it to function. By continuing to augment its product in this way the hotel will continue to delight and surprise the customer. The organization can then: match the features they create to what the customer wants. The more important benefits the product provides, the more that customers need the product. To be able to tower over the competition, production companies focus on factors which consumers attach extra value to such as extreme packaging, surprising advertisements, customer-oriented service and affordable payment terms. For example, the need to process digital images could be satisfied by a generic, low-end, personal computer using free image processing software or a processing laboratory. In our hotel example, this could mean a bed, towels, a bathroom, a mirror, and a wardrobe.
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Three Product Levels (Kotler)