Moreover, agreement on the need to establish a strong pan-Canadian ECEC system did not extend across all parties. Inall respondents were interviewed by telephone. As we shall see, all three factors have been generating pressure to develop an adequate pan-Canadian ECEC policy since the s.
Private arrangements, such as family members and nannies, were most common in eastern and western Canada, while daycare centres were most frequently used in Quebec, Ontario and the Atlantic provinces.
Number of children by individual year of age, by province and territory, Census According to the Census, Statistics Canada provides the number of individuals in Canada by year of age 0, 1, 2, etc.
In addition, the Speech from the Throne promised that the federal government would not use its spending power — the instrument on which it had relied to establish most pan-Canadian social programs — to mount new programs without the consent of the majority of provinces.
This contrasts the situation in Quebec where home daycares, combined with daycare centres, were used almost exclusively. Childcare had a place on this new agenda, but one quite different from the s, when it was clearly associated with the achievement of gender equality.
The latter difference may be partly explained by the finding that almost two-thirds of Quebec parents with preschoolers relied on a government accredited centre or family-based care i.
Feminist issues were also highlighted in the election. Demographic information This section provides contextual information about key populations which are pertinent to ECECbased on national survey data.