Canadas policies on early childhood education and care

current issues in early childhood education in canada

Moreover, agreement on the need to establish a strong pan-Canadian ECEC system did not extend across all parties. Inall respondents were interviewed by telephone. As we shall see, all three factors have been generating pressure to develop an adequate pan-Canadian ECEC policy since the s.

Private arrangements, such as family members and nannies, were most common in eastern and western Canada, while daycare centres were most frequently used in Quebec, Ontario and the Atlantic provinces.

Number of children by individual year of age, by province and territory, Census According to the Census, Statistics Canada provides the number of individuals in Canada by year of age 0, 1, 2, etc.

Child care policy in canada

This article uses the coefficient of variation CV as a measure of the sampling error. Although the recommendations came at a time that seemed ripe for major policy innovation, 2 the femocrats within the federal bureaucracy faced stiff opposition. Number of children by mother tongue Census The following link takes the user to a Statistics Canada webpage which provides the number of individuals in Canada, and in each province and territory, by mother tongue English, French, non-official mother tongue or combinations thereof. Somewhat different results might have been obtained if the entire population had been surveyed. Assumptions about gender relations also influence the way liberal principles are translated into policy. All made specific reference to inclusion of First Nations children and noted the need for appropriate ELCC programs for minority official language children, children with distinct cultural and linguistic backgrounds, and children with special needs. Number of children identifying with an Aboriginal group, National Household Survey The following link takes the user to a Statistics Canada webpage which provides the most recent information on Aboriginal Peoples collected in by the National Household Survey NHS. Stalker, G. Government of Quebec.

In addition, the Speech from the Throne promised that the federal government would not use its spending power — the instrument on which it had relied to establish most pan-Canadian social programs — to mount new programs without the consent of the majority of provinces.

This contrasts the situation in Quebec where home daycares, combined with daycare centres, were used almost exclusively. Childcare had a place on this new agenda, but one quite different from the s, when it was clearly associated with the achievement of gender equality.

The latter difference may be partly explained by the finding that almost two-thirds of Quebec parents with preschoolers relied on a government accredited centre or family-based care i.

Feminist issues were also highlighted in the election. Demographic information This section provides contextual information about key populations which are pertinent to ECECbased on national survey data.

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Child care in Canada